Moral Emotions


Moral Emotions Questionnaire (MEQ)

Available in English; 17 items.The Moral Emotions Questionnaire Questionnaire is developed by B.M.S. da Silva, L. Ketelaar, G. Veiga, Y. Tsou and C. Rieffe. The questionnaire consists of 3 scales measuring shame, guilt and pride. The item response format for the 17 items is: “never,” “sometimes,” or “often”.The MEQ scales showed acceptable internal consistencies and the associations between the three moral emotions and externalizing behaviors, internalizing behaviors, and social competence were in accordance with previous research, therefore confirming concurrent validity.

Da Silva, B. M. S., Ketelaar, L., Veiga, G., Tsou, Y. T., & Rieffe, C. (in press). Moral emotions in early childhood: Validation of the Moral Emotions Questionnaire (MEQ). International Journal of Behavioral Development. doi: 10.1177/01650254221075031.


Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire for Children

Available in Dutch and English; 12 items The Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire is developed by S. Novin and C. Rieffe. The questionnaire consists of two scales measuring shame- and guilt- proneness. The item response format for the twelve items is: not at all, a little, a lot. Only the Dutch version of the questionnaire is validated. There is an English version available that has not yet been validated.

Novin, S. & Rieffe, C. (2015). Validation of the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire for Children. Personality and Individual Differences, 85, 56-59.

Here you can download different versions of the EAQ:

Dutch version: pdf

English version (not yet validated): pdf


Please note that we currently do not have norm scores or cut-off scores for our questionnaires. Read Frequently Asked Questions for more details. 

Questions about this questionnaire can be mailed to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..