Instrument Development

Mood List

Quick Overview

  • for children (self-report)
  • 4 mood scales (3 negative: anger, sadness and fear; 1 positive: happiness), each consisting of 4 items
  • 16 items + 4 positive filler items + introductory question “How have you been feeling lately?”
  • item response format: likert type scale (0 = never, 1 = sometimes, 2 = often), e.g. “I never / sometimes / often feel angry”
  • validation: internal consistency for each mood-scale is good (Alpha > .70 for each scale); strong convergent validity with related aspects, such as depression (CDI, Kovacs, 1992) and anxiety (SAS-K, Dekking, 1983) (Meerum Terwogt et al, 2003)

Publications about the Mood List

The Mood List was developed because – unlike the many questionnaires that exist for adults or adolescents in this respect - there was no available mood questionnaire for children. The Mood Questionnaire proved its usefulness in a number of studies.

Validation of the original Mood List: Rieffe C, Meerum Terwogt M, Bosch JD (2002). Emotie-identificatie en rapportage lichamelijke klachten bij kinderen. Kind en Adolescent, 23, 3, 154-169.

Validation of the Mood List in Farsi: Rieffe, C., Oosterveld, P., Meerum Terwogt, M., Novin, S., Nasiri, H., & Latifian, M. (2010). Relationship between alexithymia, mood and internalizing symptoms in children and young adolescents: Evidence from an Iranian sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 425-430.

Validation of the Mood List in Spanish:

  • Rieffe, C., Villanueva, L., Adrián, J.E. & Górriz, A.B. (2009). Somatic complaints, mood states and emotional awareness in adolescents. Psicothema, 21, 459-464.
  • Górriz Plumed, A. B., Prado-Gascó, V., Villanueva, L., Ordoñez, Ana, González, R. (2013). The MOOD Questionnaire: Adaptation and validation of the Spanish version. Num. 2 (25). pp. 252-257.

  • In adult samples: Górriz, A. B., Etchezahar, E., Pinilla-Rodríguez, D. E., Giménez-Espert, M. C., & Prado-Gascó, V. (2020). Cross-cultural validation of the Mood Questionnaire in three Spanish-speaking countries Argentina, Ecuador, and Spain, The Journal of Social Psychology. doi: 10.1080/00224545.2020.1791029.

Download the Mood List pdfs here:

Mood List [Dutch]

Mood List [English]

Mood List [Spanish]

You can download the syntax for the Mood List here. Please note that we currently do not have norm scores or cut-off scores for our questionnaires. For more info please refer to our FAQs.